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Lyre
Plucked string instrument with a resonation sound box, two arms, crossbar, and strings that run parallel to the soundboard and attach to the crossbar. \n
Harp
Plucked string instrument with a resonation soundbox, neck, and strings in roughly triangular shape. The strings rise perpendicular from the soundboard to the neck. \n
Hymns
song to or in honor of a god. In the Christian tradition, song of praise sung to God. \n
Diatonic
In ancient Greek music, adjective describing a Tetrachord with two whole tones and one semitone. \n
Notation
The process of writing down music. Principle European music system use staff lines, and signs defining pitch and duration, and other qualites of sound. \n
Aulos
Ancient Greek reed instrument, usually played in pairs. \n
Kithara
Ancient Greek instrument, a large Lyre. \n
Monophonic
Consisting of a single unaccompanied melodic line. \n
Heterphony
Music or musical texture in which a melody is performed by two or more parts simultaneously in more than one way, for example, one voice performing it simply, and the other with embellishments. \n
Melody
Succession of tones perceived as a coherent line;tune \n
Ethos
Moral and ethical character or way of being or behaving. \n
Interval
Distance in pitch between two notes. \n
Scale
A series of three or more different pitches in ascending or descending order and arranged in a specific pattern. \n
Tetrachord
In Greek and medieval theory, a scale of four notes spanning a perfect fourth. \n
Diatonic
scale that includes five whole tones and two semitones \n
Chromatic
melody using two or more successive semitones; scale consisting exclusively of semitones. \n
Enharmonic
In Greek, Tetrachord comprising a major third and two quartertones, or a melody that uses such tetrachords. (2) two pitches notated differently but sound alike. \n
Conjunct
Relationship between two tetrachords where the bottom note of one is the same as the top note of the other. \n
Disjunct
Relationship between two tetrachords where the bottom note of one is a whole tone above the top note of the other. \n
Psalms
A poem of praise to God, one of 150 in the Book of Psalms in the Bible (Christian Old Testament). Singing Psalms was a central part of Jewish, Christian, Catholic, and Protestant worship. \n
Liturgy
The prescribed body of texts to be spoken or sung and ritual actions to be performed in a religious service. \n
Plainchant
a unison unaccompanied song, part. A liturgical song to a Latin text \n
Gregorian Chant
The repertory of ecclesiastical Chant used in the Roman Catholic Church. \n
Neumes
A sign used in Notation of Chant to indicate a certain number of Notes and general melodic direction or particular pitches. \n
Final
the main note in a model the normal closing note of a chant in that mode.
Range
A span of notes, as in the range of a melody or of a mode. \n
Tenor/reciting tone
In a mode or chant, the reciting tone. Polyphony having the voice part that has the chant or other borrowed melody, often in long held notes. \n
Modes
a scale or melody type, identified by the particular intervallic relationships among the notes in the mode. \n
Authentic
A mode in which the range normally extends from a step below the Final to an octave above it. \n
Plagal
A mode in which the range normally extends from a fourth (or fifth) below the final to a fifth or sixth above it. \n
Solmization
A method of assigning syllables to Steps in a scale, used to make it easier to identify and sing the whole tones and semitones in a melody. \n
Mutation
In solmization, the process of changing from one hexachord to another. \n
Church calendar
In a Christian Rite, the schedule of days commemorating special events, individuals, or times of year. \n
Mass
the most important service in the Roman Church; A musical work settings the texts of the Ordinary of the mass, typically Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei. \n
Proper of the mass
Texts of the mass that are assigned to a particular day in the church calendar. \n
Ordinary of the mass
texts of the mass that remain the same on most or all days of the Church calendar, although the tunes may change. \n
Office
A series of eight prayer services of the Roman church, celebrated daily at specified times, especially in monasteries and convents; also, any on of those services. \n
Antiphon
A liturgical chant that precedes and follows a Psalm or canticle in the office. \n
Responsorial
Pertaining to a manner of performing Chant in which a soloist alternates with a group. \n
Antiphonal
Adjective describing a manner of performance in which two or more groups alternate. \n
Direct
Pertaining to a manner of performing Chant without alternation between groups or between soloist and group. \n
Syllabic
Having (or tending to have) one Note sung to each syllable of text. \n
Neumatic
In chant, having about one to six notes sung to each syllable of text. \n
Melismas
a long melodic passage sung to a single syllable of text. \n
Cantor
In Jewish synagogue music, the main solo singer. In the medieval Christian church, the leader of the choir. \n
Strophic
Of a poem, consisting of two or more stanzas, that are equivalent in form and can each be sung to the same melody; of a vocal work, consisting of a strophic poem set to the same music for each stanza. \n
Jubilus
In chant, an effusive melisma, particularly the melisma on “ia” in an Alleluia. \n
Liturgical drama
Dialogue on a sacred subject, set to music and usually performed with action, and linked to the liturgy. \n
Goliard song
Medieval Latin songs associated with the goliards, who were wandering students and clerics. \n
Troubadour
a poet
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