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Task Manager
Task Manager (Taskmgr.exe) lets you view services and other running programs, CPU and
memory performance, network activity, and user activity. It is useful to stop a process that
is hung.
The MSconfig (Msconfig.exe)
The MSconfig (Msconfig.exe) tool can be used to temporarily disable startup
processes to test for performance improvement and find a startup program causing
a problem.
 The Services console (Services.msc)
The Services console (Services.msc) is used to manage services. When and if a service
starts can be controlled from this console.
The Computer Management console (Compmgmt.msc)
The Computer Management console (Compmgmt.msc) contains a group of Windows
administrative tools useful for managing a system.
The Microsoft Management Console (MMC)
The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) can be used to build your own custom
consoles from available snap-ins.
Event Viewer (Eventvwr.msc)
Event Viewer (Eventvwr.msc) is a console that displays a group of logs kept by Windows
useful for troubleshooting problems with software and hardware and also audits
Windows security.
The Vista Reliability and Performance Monitor (Perfmon.msc) and the XP Performance
Monitor (also called the System Monitor)
The Vista Reliability and Performance Monitor (Perfmon.msc) and the XP Performance
Monitor (also called the System Monitor) can be useful when trying to find out the source
of a performance drain on the system.
The Registry Editor (Regedit.exe)
The Registry Editor (Regedit.exe) is used to edit the register in real time. There is no way
to undo changes you make to the registry. Therefore, you should always make a backup
before editing it.
The 11 high-level steps to improve Windows performance are :
The 11 high-level steps to improve Windows performance are (1) routine maintenance,
(2) check if hardware can support the OS, (3) check for performance warnings, (4)
check the Reliability Monitor, (5) disable indexing for Windows search, (6) disable the
Vista Aero glass, (7) disable the Vista sidebar, (8) plug up memory leaks, (9)
disable the Vista UAC box, although this is not a recommended best practice, and
(10) use ReadyBoost to improve a slow hard drive’s performance, and (11) clean up
Windows startup.
The Windows Vista Experience Index
The Windows Vista Experience Index gives a high-level measurement of the overall
performance of a system and lists any performance alerts.
Disabling the Vista ___________ can save on system resources and
improve performance, especially if memory is low.
Disabling the Vista Aero glass and the Vista sidebar can save on system resources and
improve performance, especially if memory is low.
Memory leaks are caused by
Memory leaks are caused by poorly written applications that request memory they
don’t need.
Disabling the Vista_____ box is not a recommended best practice because it improves the
security of a system.
Disabling the Vista UAC box is not a recommended best practice because it improves the
security of a system.
Tools that can be used to investigate and clean up the Windows start process include :_______
Tools that can be used to investigate and clean up the Windows start process include Safe
Mode, MSconfig, Task Manager, Services console, and Task Scheduler.
If software does not uninstall using the Vista Programs and Features window or
the XP Add or Remove Programs window, you can _________ uninstall the
software.
If software does not uninstall using the Vista Programs and Features window or
the XP Add or Remove Programs window, you can manually uninstall the
software.
Computer Management
(Compmgmt.msc)
Computer Management (Compmgmt.msc) A window
that consolidates several Windows utilities called
snap-ins.
Data Collector Sets
Data Collector Sets A utility within the Reliability
and Performance Monitor that is used to collect
your own data about a system.
Event Viewer (Eventvwr.msc)
Event Viewer (Eventvwr.msc) A Windows tool
useful for troubleshooting problems with
Windows, applications, and hardware. It displays
logs of significant events such as a hardware or
network failure, OS failure, OS error messages, a
device or service that has failed to start, or General
Protection Faults.
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT
(HKCR)
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT (HKCR) A Windows registry key
that stores information to determine which application
is opened when the user double-clicks a file.
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG
(HKCC)
HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG (HKCC) A Windows
registry key that contains Plug and Play
information about the hardware configuration that
is used by the computer at startup.
HKEY_CURRENT_USER
(HKCU)
HKEY_CURRENT_USER (HKCU) A Windows registry
key that contains data about the current user. The
key is built when a user logs on using data kept in
the HKEY_USERS key and data kept in the
Ntuser.dat file of the current user.
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
(HKLM)
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE (HKLM) An important
Windows registry key that contains hardware,
software, and security data. The key is built using
data taken from the SAM hive, the Security hive,
the Software hive, and the System hive and from
data collected at startup about the hardware.
HKEY_USERS (HKU)
HKEY_USERS (HKU) A Windows registry key that
contains data about all users and is taken from the
Default hive.
Microsoft Management
Console (MMC)
Microsoft Management Console (MMC) A Windows
utility to build customized consoles. These
consoles can be saved to a file with an .msc file
extension.
Perfmon.msc
perfmon.msc The program file for the Windows
Reliability and Performance Monitor console.
ReadyBoost
ReadyBoost A Vista utility that uses a flash drive or
secure digital (SD) memory card to boost hard
drive performance.
registry
registry A database that Windows uses to store
hardware and software configuration information,
user preferences, and setup information.
registry
registry A database that Windows uses to store
hardware and software configuration information,
user preferences, and setup information.
Registry Editor (Regedit.exe)
Registry Editor (Regedit.exe) The Windows utility
used to edit the Windows registry.
Reliability and Performance
Monitor
Reliability and Performance Monitor A MMC
snap-in (Perfmon.msc) that collects, records,
and displays events, called Data Collector Sets,
that can help track the performance and
reliability of Windows. In Windows XP, this
monitor is called the Performance Monitor or
the System Monitor.
snap-ins
snap-in A Windows utility that can be installed in a
console window by Microsoft Management
Console.
System Configuration Utility
(Msconfig.exe)
System Configuration Utility (Msconfig.exe) A
Windows utility that can identify what processes
are launched at startup and can temporarily
disable a process from loading.
Task Manager (Taskmgr.exe)
Task Manager (Taskmgr.exe) A Windows utility that
lets you view the applications and processes
running on your computer as well as information
about process and memory performance, network
activity, and user activity.
Task Scheduler
Task Scheduler A Windows tool that can set a task
or program to launch at a future time, including at
startup.
Vista Upgrade Advisor
Vista Upgrade Advisor An Internet tool that can be
run on a PC to determine if an XP system qualifies
for Vista.
Windows Experience Index
Windows Experience Index A Vista feature that gives
a summary index designed to measure the overall
performance of a system.
Console
console A window in which one or more Windows
utility programs have been installed. The window
is created using Microsoft Management Console,
and installed utilities are called snap-ins.
The ____ tab in Task Manager lets you monitor network activity and bandwidth used.
Networking
You can use the ____ to find out what processes are launched at startup and to temporarily disable a process from loading.
System Configuration Utility (Msconfig.exe),
To make sure that all hardware or software installed on the system is compatible with Windows Vista, use the ____.
Vista Upgrade Advisor
The ____ tab of Task Manager lists system services and other processes associated with applications, together with how much CPU time and memory the process uses.
Processes
You can use the ____ to find information about the installed processor and its speed, how much RAM is installed, and free space on the hard drive.
System Information Utility (msinfo32.exe
Most programs written for Windows have a(n) ____ routine which can be accessed from the Vista Programs and Features applet in the Control Panel, the XP Add Remove Programs applet in the Control Panel, or a utility in the All Programs menu.
uninstall
A console is saved in a file with an ____ file extension.
.msc
____, under Windows Vista, is a summary index designed to measure the overall performance of a system.
Windows Experience Index
To find out if programs and services are slowing down Windows startup, boot the system in ____ and watch to see if performance improves.
Safe Mode
The ____ box can protect your system against users making unauthorized changes and against malware installing itself without your knowledge.
UAC
The ____ is responsible for maintaining an index of files and folders on a hard drive to speed up Windows searches.
Windows indexer
To stop a process using Task Manager, select the process and click ____.
End Process
In a console, the individual tools are called ____.
snap-ins
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