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52. What term describes the economy that revolves around providing intangible services such as restaurant
work, health-care provision, higher education, legal advice, computer tech support, and massage?
Service Sector
53. The increasing divide between the haves and have-nots is referred to as:
54.  What is the current rate of unionization in the US?
12%
55. Union membership has been declining since the 1950s. What is NOT been suggested as a reason?
56. Defined broadly, religion is:
System of beliefs
57. The sacred realm is:
Holy things
58. Objects and behaviors that are profane are:
mundane, everyday life
59. Sacred things can include books, buildings, days, and places. From a sociological standpoint, the sacredness comes from:
collective investment of the religous community
60. Approximately what percentage of people in the world identify themselves as Christian?
33
61. Which question is a sociologist of religion most likely to ask?
62. The trend in industrial nations toward a separation between church and state, a belief in rationality and
science, and the movement away from religiosity and spiritual belief is known as:
Secularism
63. The view of Karl Marx about religion was that it is the “opium of the masses.” What did he mean by this?
Promises of happiness in afterlife
64. According to Max Weber, in order to understand what drives social action, we must try to understand
what meanings social realities have for others. This is called _______________
Verstehen
65. Weber wondered how ____________ entered the modern world when the pre-modern worldview was
governed by ____________.
66. According to Weber which religion was a necessary condition for the development of capitalism?
Aescticsm/ Prorestant
67. Calvinists believed that their souls were selected for salvation before birth. This is known as:
Predestination
68. Durkheim felt that one of the major functions of religion was that it perpetuates__________.
Way of thinking and knowing
69. In what way are the conclusions of Weber and Marx similar?
brings social change
70. According to Durkheim, religion is created by ____________, and religious expressions represent
____________.
Collective representations/ Collective realities
71. Secularization is:
Is the straying of parts of society and culture from the grip of religious institutions and symbols.
72. What percentage of Americans claim a religious affiliation?
over 90 percent
73. In its level of religiosity, the United States is similar to:
poor countries
74. When asked if they attend church services at least once a month, about 60% of Americans say they do.
But when daily diaries of people’s activities are examined, rates of church attendance are much lower.
This problem of self-reporting of positive behaviors is known within sociology as:
Social desirability bias
75. The linking of social movements with religion demonstrates:
Elective Affinity
76. College faculty members in the ____________ are much more likely to belong to churches and
express religious commitment than are faculty in the ____________.
Natural, physical, and engineering sciences/ social scientists, law, humanities
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