keywords:
Bookmark and Share



Front Back
MINOR
A PERSON WHO HAS NO REACHED THE AGE OF MAJORITY
INFANCY DOCTRINE
A DOCTRINE THAT ALLOWS MINORS TO DISAFFIRM (CANCEL) MOST CONTRACTS THEY HAVE ENTERED INTO WITH ADULTS.
DISAFFIRMANCE
THE ACT OF A MINOR TO RESCIND A CONTRACT UNDER THE INFANCY DOCTRINE. DISAFFIRMANCE MAY BE DONE ORALLY, IN WRITING, OR BY THE MINOR'S CONDUCT.
MINOR'S DUTY OF RESTORATION
A RULE WHICH STATES THAT A MINOR IS OBLIGATED ONL TO RETURN THE GOODS OR PROPERTY HE OR SHE HAS RECEIVED FROM THE ADULT IN THE CONDITION IT IS IN AT THE TIME OF DISAFFIRMANCE.
COMPETENT PARTY'S DUTY OF RESTITUTION
A RULE WHICH STATES THAT IF A MINOR HAS TRANSFERRED MONEY, PROPERTY, OR OTHER VALUABLES TO THE  COMPETENT PARTY BEFORE DISAFFIRMING THE CONTRACT, THAT PARTY MUST PLACE THE MINOR IN STATUS QUO.
RATIFICATION
THE ACT OF A MINOR AFTER THE MINOR HAS REACHED THE AGE OF MAJORITY BY WHICH HE OR SHE ACCEPTS A CONTRACT ENTERED INTO WHEN HE OR SHE WAS A MINOR.
EMANCIPATION
THE ACT OR PROCESS OF A MINOR VOLUNTARILY LEAVING HOME AND LIVING APART FROM HIS OR HER PARENTS.
NECESSARIES OF LIFE
FOOD, CLOTHING, SHELTER, MEDICAL CARE, AND OTHER ITEMS CONSIDERED NECESSARY TO THE MAINTENANCE OF LIFE.  MINORS MUST PAY THE REASONABLE VALUE OF NECESSARIES OF LIFE FOR WHICH THEY CONTRACT.
LEGAL INSANITY
A STATE OF CONTRACTUAL INCAPACITY, AS DETERMINED BY LAW.
ADJUDGED INSANE
DECLARED LEGALLY INSANE BY A PROPER COURT OR ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCY. A CONTRACT ENTERED INTO A PERSON ADJUDGED INSANE IS VOID.
INSANE BUT NOT ADJUDGED INSANE
BEING INSANE BUT NOT HAVING BEEN ADJUDGED INSANE BY A COURT OR AN ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCY. A CONTRACT ENTERED INTO BY SUCH A PERSON IS GENERALLY VOIDABLE.  SOME STATES HOLD THAT SUCH A CONTRACT IS VOID.
INTOXICATED PERSON
A PERSON WHO IS UNDER CONTRACTUAL INCAPACITY BECAUSE OF INGESTION OF ALCOHOL OR DRUGS TO THE POINT OF INCOMPETENCE.
ILLEGAL CONTRACT
A CONTRACT THAT HAS AN ILLEGAL OBJECT.  SUCH CONTRACTS ARE VOID.
USURY LAW
A LAW THAT SETS AN UPPER LIMIT ON THE INTEREST RATE THAT CAN BE CHARGED ON CERTAIN TYPES OF LOANS.
GAMBLING STATUTES
STATUTES THAT MAKE CERTAIN FORMS OF GAMBLING ILLEGAL
EFFECT OF ILLEGALITY
A DOCTRINE WHICH STATES THAT THE COURTS WILL REFUSE TO ENFORCE OR RESCIND AN ILLEGAL CONTRACT AND WILL LEAVE THE PARTIES WHERE IT FINDS THEM.
IN PARTI DELICTO
A SITUATION IN WHICH BOTH PARTIES ARE EQUALLY AT FAULT IN AN ILLEGAL CONTRACT.
CONTRACT CONTRARY TO PUBLIC POLICY
A CONTRACT THAT HAS A NEGATIVE IMPACT ON SOCIETY OR THAT INTERFERES WITH THE PUBLICS WELFARE.
IMMORAL CONTRACT
A CONTRACT WHOSE OBJECTIVE IS THE COMMISION OF AN ACT THAT SOCIETY CONSIDERS IMMORAL.
CONTRACT IN A RESTRAINT OF TRADE
A CONTRACT THAT UNREASONABLY RESTAINS TRADE.
LICENSING STATUTE
A STATUTE THAT REQUIRES A PERSON OR BUSINESS TO ABTAIN A LICENSE FROM THE GOVERNMENT PRIOR TO ENGAGING IN A SPECIFIED OCCUPATION OR ACTIVITY.
REGULATORY STATUTE
A LICENSING STATUTE ENACTED TO PROTECT THE PUBLIC.
REVENUE-RAISING STATUTE
A LICENSING STATUTE WITH THE PRIMARY PURPOSE OF RAISING REVENUE FOR THE GOVERNMENT.
EXCULPATORY CLAUSE
A CONTACTUAL PROVISION THAT RELIEVES ONE (OR BOTH) OF THE PARTIES TO A CONTRACT FROM TORT LIABILITY FOR ORDINARY NEGLIGENCE.  ALSO KNOWN AS A RELEASE OF LIABILITY CLAUSE.
COVENANT NOT TO COMPETE
A CONTRACT WHICH PROVIDES THAT A SELLER OF A BUSINESS OR AN EMPLOYEE WILL NOT ENGAGE IN A SIMILAR BUSINESS OR OCCUPATION WITHIN A SPECIFIED GEOGRAPHICAL AREA FOR A SPECIFIED TIME FOLLOWING THE SALE OF THE BUSINESS OR TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT.  ALSO CALLED A NONCOMPETE CLAUSE.
UNCONSCIONABLE CONTRACT
A CONTRACT THAT COURTS REFUSE TO ENFORCE IN PART OR AT ALL BECAUSE IT IS SO OPPRESSIVE OR MANIFESTLY UNFAIR AS TO BE UNJUST.
x of y cards